Erbil Solid Waste Master Plan

Project Description

The Master Plan for Erbil includes the following:

  • Executive summary
  • Structure of the Master Plan
  • Assessment of the existing solid waste management practices (collection, conveyance, treatment and disposal).
  • Waste generation and composition
  • Solid waste disposal
  • Recommendation for supplies and equipment
  • Institutional strengthening
  • Investment strategy
  • Private sector participation
  • Social Issues

The Governorate of Erbil, Iraq is the largest and the most populated in the Kurdistan region confined by Mosul, Dohuk, Kirkuk and Sulaimaniya governorates. Kurdistan region, in general, has endured deprivation and neglect since the establishment of the country Iraqi State in 1921.

More recently, in the last few decades, it was subjected to double embargo by both the UN resolution and the regime. The current development has started in earnest in all domains including construction, economy and
infrastructure in 2003.

Throughout the region’s modern history, solid waste has been discarded without due concern or attention to the environmental issues. All types of waste (domestic, commercial, construction, industrial and others including hospital waste) have been dumped in “conveniently” located open spaces (often topographical depressions) at the peripheral of the towns and cities of the region. In recent years waste impact on health and environment has been noticed in consequence to the major expansion in
population and urbanization compounded by significant changes in lifestyle and dietary types and levels of consumption.

In general there is lack of control over collection, transportation and dumping of wastes in the Governorate. The majority of wastes collected by Municipalities or by private contractors is disposed of in open dumps and often burned. Large heaps to small mountains of refuse on the outskirts of the major cities can be observed. Against this backdrop UNICEF conceived
the development of a Solid Waste Management Master Plan for Erbil governorate/ KRG with funding from the European Union (EU). Through this project UNICEF will support the Ministry of Municipalities and Tourism (MMT)/ Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in its endeavor to improve the waste management services in Erbil. The Master Plan would form the basis for strategic planning and investment for effective management of the solid waste in the Governorate.

The main objective of Erbil Governorate Solid Waste Management Master plan is: “To instill the principles of environmentally sound management of solid waste into the solid waste departments of Erbil governorate while
bringing about a significant improvement in their capacity to manage solid wastes effectively. In this context the Master Plan aims to critically review the prevailing waste management practices and suggest recommendations
for improvement, laying the groundwork for short, longer term investments and provides a contextually relevant template for developing similar governorate level master plans in the region.”


  • Civil Works


  • Master plan


The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)






project sheet

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